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Rockwell AIM 65/40 发表评论(0) 编辑词条

Rockwell AIM 65/40

This strange computer was designed to be a development system for 6502 based computers. It had no display except for a small 20 character LED screen and a very small thermal printer located directly on the motherboard which could print everything that was typed on the keyboard.

The board featured five 4 KB-ROM sockets. Two of them were dedicated to the AIM monitor program, including an instant input assembler (no labels) and a disassembler. Various programming languages (BASIC, FORTH...) or custom applications could be added in the three remaining sockets.

Several cards were developped for this machine, especially language cards and ROMs: a BASIC card (BASIC language with floating point mathematics capabilities), PL/65 (a mixture of the PL/1 and Algol languages), Instant Pascal (an interpreted version of Pascal), Assembler and the FORTH programming language.
目录

主要参数编辑本段回目录


NAME  AIM 65
MANUFACTURER  Rockwell
TYPE  Home Computer
ORIGIN  U.S.A.
YEAR  1976
END OF PRODUCTION  Unknown
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  Optional Basic ROM
KEYBOARD  Full-stroke keyboard
CPU  Rockwell 6502
SPEED  1 MHz
RAM  4 KB (up to 32 KB of static RAM)
ROM  12 KB
TEXT MODES  1 line of 20 chracters (LED screen)
SOUND  None
SIZE / WEIGHT  Unknown
I/O PORTS  Application bus, expansion bus, ROM connector
POWER SUPPLY  Needs four power supply voltages: +5v, +12v, -12v, and +24v for the printer
PRICE  $375
Released:Late 1981Price:US $700?CPU:Rockwell 6502, 1MHzRAM:32K, 48K maxPorts:Four edge-card expansion portsDisplay:40 character fluorescent displayBuilt-in thermal printerStorage:external cassetteOS:"Monitor". BASIC, FORTH andAssembler ROMs are available.


Rockwell AIM 65/40 computer:

AIM = Advanced Interactive Microcomputer.
65= Rockwell 6502 processor.
40= 40 column display.

An upgrade of the original Rockwell AIM-65 which was released in 1976, this model has a larger display, among other features.

The four edge-card connectors are labeled:
  • Parallel
  • Serial
  • TTY 
  • From the Rockwell "Interactive" newsletter, issue no. 5:

    • Rockwell International will shortly be introducing the AIM 65/40. The AIM 65/40 microcomputer is made up of an R6502 based single board computer with on-board expansion to 65 kilobytes of memory, a full graphics 280 X N dot matrix or 40-column alphanumeric printer, a 40-character alphanumeric display, and a full ASCII keyboard with user assignable function keys.

      An advanced generation of Rockwell's popular AIM 65 microcomputer, the AIM 65/40 will be available as a complete system or as individual computer and intelligent peripheral modules.

    • The AIM 65/40 Series 1000 single board computer modules feature system address expansion up to 128K bytes with on-board memory up to 48 kilobytes of RAM and up to 32 kilobytes of ROM or EPROM. Six level priority interrupt logic and 16-bit multi-mode timers are included for flexibility in production automation and laboratory control applications. Extensive I/O capability provides an RS-232C asynchronous communications interface channel with programmable data rates of up to 19,200 baud for terminals or modems, plus a 20 ma current loop TTY interface, dual audio cassette interfaces, and two user-definable 8-bit parallel ports with handshake control, two 16-bit timer/counters and an 8-bit serial shift register.

      Three additional 8-bit parallel ports are directly programmable as dictated by the user's application to provide more TTL level I/O or interface to keyboards, displays, and printer modules. Manufacturer supplied ROM resident software included with the AIM 65/40 Series 1000 computer provide I/O drivers for the intelligent peripherals and more. The printer connector is compatible with the Centronics parallel interface that is so popular with high speed dot matrix printers.

      A buffered system bus accommodates off-board expansion via Rockwell's RM 65 microcomputer modules which include intelligent peripheral controllers for mini or standard floppy disks, CRT monitors and the IEEE-488 instrumentation bus, plus additional communications interfaces and a selection of RAM, ROM and EPROM memory expansion options up to 128K bytes of memory and memory-mapped I/O capacity.

    • The AIM 65/40 Model 0600 graphics printer module consists of an intelligent microprocessor controller integrated with the printer mechanism. The module operates in two modes. Character mode operation prints upper and lower case ASCII character font formatted as 40-characters/line at 240 lines/minute. Full graphics mode outputs any data pattern desired as a 280 X N dot matrix. With its own microprocessor controller, user changeable character generator ROM, thermal head drivers, motor control, and parallel handshake ASCII interface, this freestanding peripheral minimizes demand on the AIM 65/40 central processor, permitting maximum system performance.

    • The Model 0400 display module features a bright, crisp vacuum fluorescent 40-character alphanumeric display. This stand-alone module has its own microprocessor controller for display of alphanumeric, special, and limited graphics characters, parallel handshake ASCII interface, support circuitry and operates from a single +5 volt power supply. Special control commands permit variable display timing, cursor control, auto-scroll, and character blinking.

    • The Module 0200 keyboard module provides a terminal style alphanumeric and special character keyboard matrix with 64 keys, including locking ALL CAPS, control, and eight user definable function keys. Three keys labeled ATTN, RESET, and PAPER FEED have dedicated lines to the interface connector.

    • The AIM 65/40 Series 5000 incorporates a ROM resident software system and integrates all four modules into a complete microcomputer system. The interactive monitor software controls the AIM 65/40 system with single keystroke, self-prompting commands, supports software development with assembler, debug and control commands. A multi-file text editor supports both line and screen editing functions. Optional languages include a fully symbolic R6500 assembler and BASIC. FORTH, PASCAL, and PL/65 software packages are in development.

    • The AIM 65/40 is expected to be available sometime during the third quarter of 1981.

    • For price and delivery information contact your local Rockwell sales office.







    Are there any other Rockwell computers?

    Yes! In the 70's and 80's, Rockwell was a major aerospace, automation, and semiconductor manufacturer. They developed many of their own tools for chip design, manufacturing and programming.

    These include the Rockwell Design Center and the System 65 Development System

    The Rockwell Design Center:

    The Rockwell Design Center (RDC) supports the growing trend to using single-chip microcomputers as slaves with multi- or single-chip microprocessor systems. The advantages of slaves include both cost and technical savings, such as eliminating some complex timing relationships.

    The RDC is a development system vertically integrated to support the entire Rockwell R6500 family of microprocessors and microcomputers. The RDC allows emulation, development, and software debugging of up to four seperate microprocessors and microcomputers concurrently, even if the four devices are different members of the R6500 family.


    It's comprised of:
  • Self-contained, disk-based operating system.
  • Seperate system and target memory map.
  • 4 target simultaneous emulation.
  • Real-time in-circuit emuation, up to 4 MHz.
  • Five hardware breakpoints per target, 32-bit wide with "don't care" bits.
  • Inside or outside window breakpoint with 1 byte resolution.
  • Configurable as a satellite for an Intel ISIS II host sytem.

    It features:
  • Dual 96 TPI, DSDD 5.25" floppy disks.
  • Seperate system bus and four independant target busses.
  • 64K RAM system memory.
  • Internal self-test panel for system troubleshooting.
  • Three seperate CPUs for keyboard, CRT, and system control.

    The System 65 Development System:
    The System 65 is an easy to use, powerful development system for multi-chip and one-chip R6500 systems. A full line of support mudules, macro assembler, link editor, and high level PL/65 language are also available. Just connect you own terminal and printer to the System 65 and you are ready to start.

    ROM-based system software consisting of Text Editor, Debug Monitor, and Symbolic Assembler operate immediately upon power turn-on.

    System 65 means productivity by making your program development easy from start to finish.

    It features:
  • 10-slot motherboard, with 6 slots available for hardware expansion.
  • R6502 microprocessor operates at 1MHz or 2MHz, and has 65K byte addressing and multi-level interupts.
  • Dual, user-dedicated mini-floppy disk drives. Each drive has a 60-file, 78K byte storage capacity.
  • User-dedicated 16K byte static RAM memory, expandable in 16K byte increments.
  • System firmware resides in ROM, fast operation with no loading or reloading required.
  • Individual RS-232C and current loop interfaces support serial input terminals from 110 baud to 9600 baud.
  • 8-bit parallel port provides automatic support of high-speed printers for hard copy.
  • 参考文献编辑本段回目录

    http://oldcomputers.net/AIM-65-40.html
    http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?st=1&c=58

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